Why do dark spots appear on the face? These spots can appear due to an overproduction of melanin, a chemical component responsible for the colour of the skin.
However, when the body produces a large amount, the excess amount tends to accumulate in certain areas of the body. This hyperpigmentation can also result from exposure to UV rays or hormonal imbalances, among other factors.
Irregular pigmentation is usually associated with ageing, but facial spots can appear towards the end of adolescence, regardless of skin type.
All in all, the problem of skin pigmentation is very common, but there are no serious consequences other than aesthetic blemishes, so there is nothing to worry about. In this article, we’ll look at some of the possible habits that can cause dark spots on your face.
5 Reasons Of Dark Spots On Your Face
Let’s take a look at some of the causes of dark spots on the face. To prevent these spots from forming, note and keep in mind the following:
Hormonal changes are the most frequent cause of dark spots on the face . Drugs and birth control pills that alter hormonal balance can also cause dark spots when your skin is exposed to UV light.
Hormonal activity can result in melanosis, a form of irregular pigmentation that affects some pregnant women.
2. UV exposure
Another cause of increased brown spots on the face is uneven UV exposure, which causes irregular production of melanin . Excessive exposure to the sun’s rays plays a major role in the formation of all types of skin spots.
Especially if you live in a sunny climate, you should use sunscreen or day cream with a high UV protection factor every day. You should also apply a moisturizer with a moderate protection factor every morning and even in winter when the sun isn’t strong enough.
3. Acne scars
Acne scars are colored spots or marks that appear after acne has healed. The scientific name for these scars is post-inflammatory pigmentation, which is usually tan or dark brown.
If left untreated, it can take months to years for the dark spots and marks to disappear. Fortunately, however, there is more than one treatment option to get rid of it. This includes over-the-counter creams, over-the-counter medications, procedures, and certain home remedies.
4. Improper diet
The food we eat is reflected in our body, so diet is a key element in life. Also, don’t forget that a poor diet can cause brown spots on your face due to lack of nutrients.
Pay attention to the food you supply to your body. Some studies suggest that eating more omega-3 fatty acids and eating less dairy products and foods with a low glycemic index can reduce or prevent the development of acne.
If your current diet contains a lot of processed junk food, start small by adding a variety of natural, unprocessed foods. You will soon notice a difference in your face.
5. Artificial lighting that causes dark spots
Did you know that artificial lighting can also promote dark spots on your face? Less than natural sunlight, but still has an effect.
According to a study published in the International Journal of Skin Research, regular long-term skin exposure to harmful radiation from TV screens, computer screens and uncovered fluorescent lamps can cause dark spots.
Artificial light also stimulates pigmentation in the same way as ultraviolet light. To combat these factors, try to reduce exposure time, or at least take frequent breaks.
Treatments to reduce dark spots on the face
Dark spots on the face usually do not represent a health risk. Some people find these spots cute, but for many who want clear, flawless skin, it can be an aesthetic issue.
So, if you want to reduce the brown spots on your face, you can use these effective natural ingredients: They can be used topically at night or for prophylactic purposes. Ingredients that can help treat spots include:
- white clay
- lemon and lime
- Celery Essential Oil
- aloe vera
NOTE: Be careful after using the ingredients listed above as exposure to the sun may make the situation worse.
You can also use a cream that can reduce the production of melanin and the spread of pigmentation. However, keep in mind that these products should not be used for long periods of time.
There are laser treatments that can reduce spots on the face, but there are many cases where these treatments have negative effects and worsen the skin instead of helping the skin.
Finally, if you have dark spots on your face, see a dermatologist as soon as possible so that the necessary tests can rule out skin cancer.
Understanding the cause of the problem and intervening in diagnosis and specific therapies are all essential to reducing or eliminating blemishes on the face.