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HomeMen's HealthManipulating carotenoids can enhance plant development, stress tolerance and improve yield

Manipulating carotenoids can enhance plant development, stress tolerance and improve yield

Manipulating the content material of carotenoids, reminiscent of ß-carotene, has been discovered to enhance plant development and improve yield and tolerance to abiotic stresses reminiscent of drought and salinity.

Inside chloroplasts, carotenoids reminiscent of ß-carotene and xanthophylls are key parts of the photosynthetic equipment. Now, a world group led by researchers in Salim Al-Babili’s group has proven that alterations in carotenoid metabolism affect hormone content material and subsequently plant growth and physiology.

Furthermore, the metabolic and hormonal modifications led to the buildup of key major metabolites, enhancing abiotic stress tolerance and fruit shelf life.”

Juan C Moreno, lead researcher

ß-carotene is produced by the motion of a gene generally known as lycopene ß-cyclase (LCYB). Having beforehand proven that expression of the carrot DcLCYB1 gene in tobacco elevated photosynthesis, stress tolerance, plant biomass and yield, Moreno wished to see if manipulation of LCYB exercise might confer related development benefits in an economically necessary meals crop.

Utilizing three completely different seed sources, all expressing completely different LCYB genes from tomato, daffodil and micro organism, the researchers grew vegetation below managed situations and outdoors in polytunnels.

The outcomes confirmed Moreno’s speculation that overexpressing the carotenoid gene in tomato would present related outcomes to his experiment in tobacco.

“Watching the vegetation within the greenhouse because the weeks and months glided by, the transgenic traces had been clearly completely different from the wild kind,” he says.

Fruit yield additionally elevated by as much as 77 p.c and dietary content material was enhanced, with fruit from the transgenic vegetation containing 20 instances extra ß-carotene than the wild sorts.

“Using state-of-the-art chromatography and mass spectrometry methods enabled us to supply a complete image of the modifications at metabolome degree, which defined the noticed phenotypes” provides Jianing Mi, who carried out the analytical a part of this examine.

The modified vegetation additionally confirmed enhanced tolerance to excessive mild intensities, salt and drought stresses.

Working with Al-Babili, the researchers at the moment are attempting to use this know-how on cereal crops.

“This examine demonstrates the significance of understanding the metabolic processes that underlie plant development and response to environmental modifications, and reveals the massive potential of plant metabolic and genetic engineering to fight deficiencies in micronutrients,” says Al-Babili.

The findings pave the best way for growing a brand new era of crops that mix excessive productiveness and elevated dietary worth with the aptitude to deal with local weather change-related challenges.

The introduction of a single gene of the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway to completely different tomato cultivars led to important modifications in metabolic pathways, massive will increase in fruit yield and enhanced pro-vitamin A content material.


Journal reference:

Mi, J., et al. (2022) A manipulation of carotenoid metabolism affect biomass partitioning and health in tomato. Metabolic Engineering.


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