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Prevalence and length of post-COVID situation in healthcare staff

A latest research posted to the medRxiv* preprint server assessed the bodily, cognitive, psychological profile of post-coronavirus illness 2019 (COVID-19) situation (PCC) in healthcare staff (HCWs).

Study: Physical, psychological and cognitive profile of post-COVID condition in healthcare workers, Quebec, Canada. Image Credit: Gerain0812/Shutterstock
Examine: Bodily, psychological and cognitive profile of post-COVID situation in healthcare staff, Quebec, Canada. Picture Credit score: Gerain0812/Shutterstock

Varied stories of PCC have been noticed in hospitalized in addition to non-hospitalized sufferers contaminated with extreme acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Nonetheless, data concerning the chance components, prevalence, and time-span of PCC remains to be inadequate.

Concerning the research

The current case-control research examined the chance components and prevalence of PCC signs as evaluated 5 to twenty-eight weeks post-acute COVID-19 amongst hospitalized and non-hospitalized HCWs in Québec.

PCC was outlined because the perseverance of any of the 15 signs, specifically shortness of breath, wheezing, cough, runny nostril, sore throat, chest ache, fever, fatigue, headache, lack of style, lack of scent, problem strolling, joint or muscle ache, diarrhea, and stomach ache, post-acute COVID-19 for both 4 or extra weeks (PCC4w) or 12 or extra weeks (PPC12w).

Eligible members for the research included symptomatic HCWs who have been polymerase chain response (PCR)-confirmed for SARS-CoV-2 an infection between 12 July 2020 and 29 Might 2021. The test-negative cohort included HCWs who examined PCR-negative for SARS-CoV-2 and had no historical past of COVID-19 an infection.

Consenting members answered a standardized on-line or telephone questionnaire by way of which sociodemographic information, COVID-19 vaccination standing, and employment traits have been collected. COVID-19-infected HCWs additionally answered questions concerning symptom onset, COVID-19-related hospitalization, and the variety of weeks taken to get better totally, whereas non-recovered sufferers supplied info concerning the presence and severity of signs.

For all of the eligible members, the questionnaire examined 4 aspects of cognitive operate: problem in sustaining focus, problem in organizing oneself, forgetfulness, and shedding important gadgets. These questions have been answered utilizing a five-level Likert scale with values starting from by no means, hardly ever, generally, usually, to fairly often. Psychological misery was assessed utilizing the Kessler scale (K6) on a scale of 0 to 24, the place a rating between 7 and 12 indicated excessive psychological misery and a rating over 12 indicated a really excessive stage of psychological misery. The K6 scale evaluated the frequency of feeling hopeless, depressed, nervous, stressed, and nugatory as skilled by the people within the previous month.        


The research outcomes confirmed {that a} complete of 31,091 HCWs have been contaminated with COVID-19 in the course of the research interval and included 79% girls, 48% of members aged over 40 years, and 1.2% hospitalized sufferers. The PCC4w evaluation was carried out on 6061 COVID-19-infected HCWs, amongst which 2% have been hospitalized whereas 98% have been non-hospitalized. The PCC12w evaluation comprised 1,783 HCWs, together with 2% hospitalized and 98% non-hospitalized COVID-19 sufferers. Additionally, the management cohort included 4,390 members.

A complete of 46.2% of the non-hospitalized COVID-19 sufferers had signs persisting for 4 weeks and longer, whereas 39.9% had signs lasting 12 weeks and extra. However, 76.3% of the hospitalized COVID-19 sufferers had signs for 4 weeks, and extra and 67.6% had signs for 12 weeks and extra. Roughly 49% of the non-hospitalized COVID-19 circumstances reported persistent signs 4 to seven weeks after the onset of acute-COVID-19, whereas 36.6% had persistent signs for twenty-four to 27 weeks.

Within the hospitalized and non-hospitalized affected person cohorts, 64% and 30% reported fatigue, 17% and 20% reported a lack of style or scent, 56% and 20% had shortness of breath, 33% and 15% suffered from cognitive dysfunction, 23%, and 13% had complications, and 22% and 10% reported muscle and joint ache that lasted 4 weeks and extra. Amongst sufferers affected by persistent post-COVID-19 fatigue, 99% additionally skilled pre-COVID-19 fatigue. Moreover, 84% of the sufferers reported gentle pre-COVID-19 fatigue, whereas 63% and 28% reported average and extreme post-COVID-19 fatigue, respectively. 

Among the many non-hospitalized PCC4w sufferers, the prevalence of problem in sustaining focus, problem in organizing oneself, forgetfulness, and shedding important gadgets was reported as usually or fairly often by 33%, 23%, 20%, and 10% of the sufferers, respectively, compared to 39%, 28%, 34%, and 15% reported by hospitalized PCC4w sufferers. Related observations have been additionally reported by the hospitalized and non-hospitalized PCC12w sufferers. Notably, 6%, 26%, and 68% of sufferers experiencing gentle, average, and extreme COVID-19 signs reported shedding essential gadgets usually or fairly often, indicating an affiliation between illness severity and vital reminiscence loss.


The research findings confirmed that PCC considerably impacts cognition amongst hospitalized COVID-19 sufferers. With the excessive danger of an infection to HCWs, understanding the entire impression of PCC signs like cognitive dysfunction will help forestall additional extreme implications on the indispensable supply of high quality healthcare.  

*Necessary discover

medRxiv publishes preliminary scientific stories that aren’t peer-reviewed and, due to this fact, shouldn’t be thought to be conclusive, information medical follow/health-related conduct, or handled as established info.


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