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Understanding caregivers’ attitudes towards post-operative opioid use in pediatric sufferers

Routine head and neck procedures, akin to elimination of tonsils and adenoids and the position of ear tubes, could trigger average to extreme ache in pediatric sufferers. Over-the-counter analgesics (aspirin and acetaminophen) and ache administration can mitigate this discomfort and are sometimes advisable after surgical procedure to handle ache.

Since most of those sorts of procedures are both carried out as an outpatient, or require solely a brief hospital keep, post-operative ache administration usually is the duty of the kid’s caregiver. Regardless of not wanting their youngster to be in ache, a brand new research has discovered the vast majority of caregivers are not sure about or don’t really feel comfy giving their youngster opioids post-operatively. Most, they discovered, are particularly involved in regards to the danger of habit.

Given the present opioid epidemic and the truth that youngsters proceed to be undertreated for ache following surgical procedures, it is very important perceive caregivers’ attitudes towards post-operative opioid use. Understanding caregivers’ views is important, so surgeons can counsel caregivers and supply acceptable post-operative ache administration of their sufferers.”

Jessica R. Levi, MD, corresponding writer, affiliate professor of otolaryngology-head & neck surgical procedure, Boston College College of Drugs

An nameless, 11-item questionnaire survey that assessed demographic data and attitudes towards post-operative opioid use for pediatric ache administration survey was distributed to caregivers of pediatric sufferers present process routine head and neck procedures at an instructional medical middle in Boston. Thirty-eight % of oldsters stated they’d really feel comfy giving their youngster opioids post-operatively, 30.2 % wouldn’t really feel comfy whereas 31.7 % had been not sure. For each improve in a single 12 months of age of the kid, there was a rise within the odds of a guardian being comfy giving opioids. Caregivers who had taken opioids previously had been extra prone to really feel comfy. The consolation stage didn’t differ based mostly on the caregivers’ training stage, earnings, race, or language. “Ache administration in youngsters after surgical procedure may be difficult, and is one thing that requires dialog between dad and mom and suppliers,” says co-author Michael Cohen, MD, assistant professor of otolaryngology at BUSM and an otolaryngologist at Boston Medical Middle.

In line with the researchers, the commonest barrier to make use of opioids for ache administration was concern about habit potential. “Nonetheless, it’s stunning that solely 11 caregivers cited habit potential as the explanation behind their opinion on post-operative opioid use. This could possibly be as a result of dad and mom management the distribution of post-operative medicines and, subsequently, imagine they’ll forestall this danger,” added Levi, who is also a pediatric otolaryngologist at BMC.


Journal reference:

Ward, L.M., et al. (2022) Opioid use in pediatric otolaryngologic surgical procedure: A survey of caregivers’ attitudes. Journal of Opioid Administration.


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