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Well being Advantages, Deficiency and Extra- HealthifyMe

A vitamin is an natural molecule and an important micronutrient. Subsequently, we want it in tiny quantities for regular functioning, progress and upkeep of physique tissues. Sadly, our our bodies can’t synthesise these essential micronutrients, both in any respect or not in ample portions. Since they’re both soluble or dissolvable, in fats or water, they divide into water-soluble and fat-soluble nutritional vitamins. Subsequently, it turns into important to devour them by a weight loss program. There are a number of important nutritional vitamins we should always devour. Most of us are conscious of the nutritional vitamins A, B, C, D, and E, however do you know the significance of vitamin Okay?

When was the final time you have been bleeding from scraped knees, paper cuts, or a finger you sliced whereas chopping? Have you learnt when the scratch stopped bleeding? Possibly a minute, or maybe you coated it in a bandage and didn’t realise it was gone for hours? Have you ever ever contemplated how that is doable? Have you learnt who’s answerable for these actions in our our bodies? The reply to those questions is vitamin Okay, a fat-soluble vitamin. It is among the 13 nutritional vitamins within the human physique and is crucial for blood clotting. Within the absence of vitamin Okay, the physique received’t cease bleeding. It’s abundantly out there in each plant and animal sources. Most individuals can meet their every day necessities of vitamin Okay by balanced meals solely.

Vitamin Okay: All the pieces You Ought to Know

Vitamin Okay is an important vitamin in creating three essential proteins within the physique. It protects your arteries from calcium accumulation and primarily entails blood clotting, bone metabolism, and constructing proteins. It does its work within the liver and different tissues, together with the mind, pancreas, and coronary heart, in addition to your skeletal system.

Whereas Vitamin Okay might sound like one compound, it’s a group of compounds. Vitamin K1 and Vitamin K2 are probably the most essential compounds, also referred to as Phylloquinone and Menaquinone. The manufacturing of vitamin K2 (or menaquinone) primarily happens in intestinal flora or the “intestine micro organism”. Alternatively, you may primarily acquire vitamin K1 (or phylloquinone) from the weight loss program, particularly inexperienced leafy greens.

Vitamin Okay: Required Each day Consumption

As per scientific analysis, the Satisfactory Consumption (AI) of Vitamin Okay for various folks in numerous age teams is:


  • 0 to six months: 2 mcg
  • 7 to 12 months: 2.5 mcg


  • 1 to three years: 30 mcg
  • 4 to eight years: 55 mcg


  • 9 to 13 years: 60 mcg
  • 14 to 18 years: 75 mcg 
  • 19 years and older: 90 mcg
  • Throughout being pregnant and lactation: 90 mcg


  • 9 to 13 years: 60 mcg
  • 14 to 18 years: 75 mcg 
  • 19 years and older: 120 mcg

Prime 15 Vitamin Okay Wealthy Meals to Add to Your Weight loss program

1. Kale

Kale is a superfood that’s extraordinarily wealthy within the dietary type of vitamin Okay, referred to as phylloquinone. For instance, 100 grams of cooked or boiled kale with out salt presents 817mcg of vitamin Okay. It’s roughly 681% DV (Each day Worth) of vitamin Okay, making kale the perfect plant-based supply with the best vitamin Okay ranges. It’s best to eat it uncooked or add it to salads, pasta, or soups.

Kale is obtainable year-round and serves as a dietary powerhouse. In addition to being full of vitamin Okay, kale accommodates fewer energy and only a few fat. In line with a examine, consuming kale juice considerably lowers dangerous levels of cholesterol and reduces the dangers of coronary artery ailments.

2. Collard Greens

For a wholesome dose of vitamin Okay and different important vitamins, collard greens are the most effective choices. It’s excessive in vitamin Okay and supplies greater than 800mcg per serving. As per the USDA information, 100 grams of uncooked collard greens has about 437mcg of vitamin Okay. It supplies almost 370% of really helpful every day vitamin Okay ranges.

Collard greens include important B-complex nutritional vitamins, calcium, iron, folate, and potassium. Its dietary profile helps bone and blood well being in some ways. For instance, vitamin Okay can enhance calcium absorption and cut back bone fracture danger. As well as, collard greens can probably fight the carcinogenic elements that trigger kidney, colorectal, and breast most cancers.

3. Spinach

In addition to being a wealthy supply of iron, spinach additionally presents the goodness of vitamin Okay, C, and A. 100 grams of uncooked spinach accommodates 483mcg of vitamin Okay. It makes as much as 402% of every day vitamin Okay necessities. Nonetheless, consuming cooked spinach supplies extra vitamin Okay than uncooked spinach. For instance, vitamin Okay in a single cup of cooked spinach is about 888.5 mcg, whereas one cup of uncooked spinach has solely 144.9mcg.

Vitamin Okay in spinach is crucial for blood clotting. Consuming spinach is appropriate to your normal well being as nicely. A examine exhibits that the nitrates current in spinach leaves can regulate your blood strain, selling cardiovascular well being. As well as, it’s usually appropriate for reinforcing the haemoglobin ratio and eye well being.

4. Broccoli

Broccoli won’t be a favorite selection for a lot of, but it surely has a number of well being advantages. 100 grams of uncooked broccoli supplies 102mcg of vitamin Okay, and 100 grams of cooked broccoli has about 141mcg. Nonetheless, it is best to guarantee to not overcook it to protect its nutritional vitamins and different vitamins.

Including vitamin Okay wealthy broccoli to your weight loss program helps with strengthening your immunity. Plus, it has fibre and vitamin C. Furthermore, research present that consuming broccoli sprouts on daily basis can enhance insulin resistance amongst folks with kind 2 diabetes.

5. Eggs

Eggs are a straightforward meal choice. The vitamin Okay vary in a single egg yolk is between 67 and 192mcg. So consuming one massive egg provides you 5% DV or 5.8 mcg of vitamin Okay. You possibly can both devour uncooked egg yolks, boil it, or scramble it.

Eggs supply way more than protein and vitamin Okay. They assist enhance good levels of cholesterol and repairs physique tissues. As well as, eggs make you’re feeling full, thereby aiding in weight administration.

6. Cheese

Totally different kinds of cheese have completely different ranges of vitamin Okay content material. So it doesn’t matter what cheese you favor, including them to your weight loss program equals including vitamin Okay. Gentle cheeses supply 59 mcg or extra vitamin Okay per 100g, whereas onerous cheeses present about 87mcg or extra.

Along with vitamin Okay, cheese enriches your weight loss program with protein, fats, and calcium. For underweight folks, consuming cheese helps to achieve weight healthily. Nonetheless, ensure to devour it carefully.

7. Soybeans

Vitamin Okay is obtainable in two kinds; vitamin K1 and vitamin K2. Soybeans are a great supply of each vitamin K1 and K2. For instance, 100 grams of steamed or cooked soybeans include almost 70.6mcg of vitamin Okay. You may as well get 43mcg of vitamin L from consuming a normal half-cup serving of roasted soybeans.

The first well being advantages of soybeans embody their function in diabetes administration, inducing high quality sleep, and enhancing blood circulation. It’s also appropriate for being pregnant as a consequence of folic acid and vitamin B complexes.

8. Rooster

Rooster is the perfect vitamin Okay supply for non-vegetarians. Including 100 grams of rooster to your weight loss program ensures the provision of 60 mcg of vitamin Okay, equal to 50% DV. Rooster liver can be vitamin Okay wealthy and presents as much as 13mcg per 100 grams serving. Grilled and pan-seared rooster are higher cooking decisions for retaining its advantages.

Rooster is wealthy in vitamins, together with proteins, selenium, and niacin. For these on a weight reduction journey, consuming the really helpful quantity of rooster enhances emotions of fullness. Moreover, it helps construct muscle tissues, retains bones wholesome, and boosts testosterone ranges in males.

9. Bacon

Bacon additionally comes beneath the listing of vitamin Okay wealthy meals. 100 grams of bacon accommodates 35 mcg or 29% DV of vitamin Okay. Pan-fried, roasted, or broiled bacon are some choices to attempt.

Bacon exhibits a excessive protein to fats ratio, thereby serving as a great supply of animal protein. As well as, its micronutrients assist muscle power, coronary heart capabilities, and bone well being.

10. Lettuce

In American diets, lettuce is a well-liked supply of vitamin Okay. 100 grams of uncooked, inexperienced leaf lettuce supplies you with 126mcg of vitamin Okay. You’ll get almost 60mcg of vitamin Okay per serving. As well as, 95% of uncooked lettuce consists of water. Thus, it’s appropriate for hydration. Moreover, lettuce extract improves sleep and imaginative and prescient.

11. Inexperienced Peas

Legumes like inexperienced peas present 26mcg of vitamin Okay, about 22% DV. Consuming half a cup of cooked inexperienced peas ensures the consumption of 21mcg or 17% DV. You possibly can eat it as a aspect dish or add them into soups and stews. As well as, inexperienced peas additionally assist enhance immunity as a consequence of their antioxidant properties and affordable vitamin C, vitamin Okay and zinc content material. Inexperienced peas even have anti-inflammatory properties and are helpful for the guts.

12. Prunes

Most fruits lack vitamin Okay, however prunes have an honest quantity of it. Prunes present 60mcg or 50% DV of vitamin Okay per 100 grams serving. Every prune is value 5.7 micrograms of vitamin Okay. When you’re consuming half a cup or about 9 prunes, it equals 51.8mcg of vitamin Okay. You possibly can merely add chopped items of prunes into salads or mix them in smoothies.

Prunes can restrict bone loss, thereby enhancing bone density in postmenopausal ladies. As well as, it’s appropriate for digestion and coronary heart well being. Nonetheless, keep away from consuming massive quantities as they may trigger a laxative impact.

13. Kiwi

Kiwi is one other fruit with a wholesome quantity of vitamin Okay. It supplies 40.3mcg of vitamin Okay per 100 grams of serving, making as much as 34% DV. You possibly can eat it as it’s or incorporate it into salads, juices, and custards.

Talking of its well being advantages, kiwis are good for bone well being and avoiding heart problems. Along with vitamin Okay, kiwi additionally presents vitamin C and fibre. Furthermore, they’re appropriate for mobile restore and digestion, respectively.

14. Cashews

Cashews include a ample dose of vitamin Okay. 100 grams of uncooked cashews supplies 34.1mcg of vitamin Okay, 28% DV. Subsequently, consuming one ounce or 28.35 grams of cashews will guarantee 11% of vitamin Okay every day worth for ladies and eight% for males.

Cashews are filled with heart-healthy fat, and on the similar time, they’re low in sugar. In consequence, it’s a common plant protein concerned in immunity, mind well being, and vitality manufacturing.

15. Pine Nuts

Consuming 100 grams of pine nuts provides you with 54mcg of vitamin Okay, 45% DV. One customary cup of dried pine nuts can provide 81% of vitamin Okay DV for ladies and 61% for males. The energy-boosting energy of pine nuts makes it a great snack selection. Moreover, it’s a superfood that protects the guts and provides a buttery flavour to your weight loss program.

Vitamin Okay Deficiency

Vitamin Okay deficiency is uncommon as it’s extensively out there from the weight loss program, and also you additionally get it from intestine micro organism. Nonetheless, it could possibly occur when utilizing antibiotics, which inhibit vitamin Okay metabolism. It additionally happens in those that have a situation that causes malabsorption of meals and vitamins. Moreover, it’s a danger to folks affected by gastrointestinal issues.

Vitamin Okay deficiency can be frequent in newborns as a result of it doesn’t go the placenta. By the way, breast milk accommodates solely a minimal quantity. Subsequently, if you don’t give newborns vitamin Okay dietary supplements, their blood clotting proteins deplete, rising their danger of bleeding.

The commonest signs of Vitamin Okay deficiency are:

  • Extended prothrombin time or an extended time for blood to clot
  • Osteopenia or osteoporosis
  • Haemorrhaging
  • Bleeding

Vitamin Okay: Well being Advantages 

Each vitamin K1 and vitamin K2 are important for total well being. The next are among the most well-known well being advantages of each types of vitamin Okay.

Vitamin Okay improves Bone Well being

Research present that Vitamin Okay and Vitamin D work collectively to assist the physique metabolise calcium, crucial for wholesome bones. Vitamin D is useful for calcium absorption within the small gut, and vitamin Okay aids within the accumulation of calcium within the bones, which retains them robust.

Vitamin Okay can be concerned in producing proteins in bone, together with “osteocalcin”, which helps forestall the weakening of bones.

Coronary heart Well being

The buildup of calcium within the arteries surrounding your coronary heart is a big reason for coronary heart illness. In consequence, something that may assist cut back calcium build-up is helpful in stopping coronary heart ailments. Vitamin Okay helps this by selling common calcium metabolism and stopping harmful calcium plaque build-up (arterial calcification) within the arteries, enhancing coronary heart well being.

Blood Clotting

Vitamin Okay promotes the manufacturing of the protein prothrombin and osteocalcin required for blood clotting, permitting wounds to heal and wholesome bone tissue to type. In consequence, it additionally helps mitigate the results of blood-thinning drugs.

Vitamin Okay Maintains Blood Stress

When mixed with vitamin D, vitamin Okay helps decrease blood strain by inhibiting mineralisation or the buildup of minerals within the arteries. In consequence, the guts can pump blood effectively all through the physique. 

Finest Methods to Devour Vitamin Okay

Vitamin K2 and Vitamin D

Vitamin D is one other fat-soluble vitamin that works intently with vitamin Okay to carry out numerous bodily capabilities. These embody regulating calcium metabolism for bone and coronary heart well being. Analysis signifies that Vitamin K2 boosts vitamin D absorption.

As soon as vitamin D transports calcium into your blood, K2 prompts the protein osteocalcin. It ensures that the protein works to your bones as a substitute of ending up in your arteries and inflicting potential coronary heart well being points. So, it’s best to take vitamin D dietary supplements with vitamin K2.

Vitamin Okay and Fat 

The absorption of vitamin Okay from meals sources is about 20%. Nonetheless, when mixed with dietary fat, its absorption can enhance. So, drizzle some hazelnut oil or olive oil into your favorite leafy inexperienced salads and curries.

Use Soybean Oil

Whereas cooking, attempt to use soybean oil to spice up the provision of vitamin Okay. It has a lot increased vitamin Okay than different oils. Subsequently, it’s one of the simplest ways so as to add vitamin Okay to your every day weight loss program. As an example, one tablespoon of soybean oil has about 25mcg of vitamin Okay.

Go For Combos

Meals is one of the simplest ways to multiply your vitamin Okay consumption. As an alternative of attempting one vitamin Okay wealthy meals, pair it with different choices. For instance, including prunes, cashews, and kale to your salad supplies extra advantages than consuming them individually. Craving noodles? Attempt spinach noodles with rooster. All of it relies on the way you pair the meals.

Vitamin Okay: Attainable Aspect Results and Precautions

In contrast to different fat-soluble nutritional vitamins, vitamin Okay is well damaged down and eradicated by urine or faeces. Due to this, even at massive doses, it not often reaches harmful ranges within the physique; due to this fact, its toxicity just isn’t frequent.

Nonetheless, its toxicity pertains to its water-soluble nature. When toxicity does happen in infants, it manifests with indicators of jaundice and hemolytic anaemia. Moreover, different signs embody hyperbilirubinemia and kernicterus.

Drug Interplay

Medicines aren’t all the time acceptable for everybody. In consequence, folks present process particular medical therapies ought to keep away from utilizing vitamin Okay dietary supplements. Folks taking the next medicines also needs to seek the advice of a physician earlier than taking these dietary supplements.

  • Antacids
  • Antibiotics
  • Blood thinners
  • Aspirin
  • Medication for most cancers
  • Seizures stabilizing Medication
  • Medication for prime ldl cholesterol

Goitre Danger From Meals Sources

You possibly can abundantly get vitamin Okay by leafy veggies like collard greens. Being a member of the Brassica household, collard greens include goitrogens. They’re a kind of compound that may set off the danger of getting goitre. It might trigger irregular swelling of the thyroid gland. Therefore, folks with thyroid dysfunction should keep away from consuming uncooked collard greens for vitamin Okay.  Nonetheless, steaming and boiling can decrease their goitrogen content material.


Vitamin Okay is a fat-soluble vitamin that the physique wants for correct blood clotting, robust bones, and cardiovascular well being. Subsequently, you could devour satisfactory vitamin Okay to operate appropriately. It’s plentiful in most meals merchandise, and a balanced weight loss program can assist forestall its deficiency. 

Darkish leafy inexperienced greens are the perfect supply of vitamin K1 or phylloquinone. You may as well devour vitamin Okay sources and wholesome fat for optimum absorption. Nonetheless, sure circumstances, resembling persistent illness and sure medication, can intervene together with your ranges and result in well being points.

Continuously Requested Questions (FAQs)

Q. Does espresso have vitamin Okay?

A. No, espresso doesn’t have vitamin Okay. Nonetheless, a 100 g cup of espresso has 355 energy with 0 g whole fats and ldl cholesterol. It additionally has 277 mg sodium and 79 g carbohydrate, that are helpful to your well being.

Q. What are the signs of low vitamin Okay?

A. Vitamin Okay deficiency is uncommon however can occur in folks utilizing antibiotics or with the situation of malabsorption of vitamins. One of the vital frequent vitamin Okay deficiency signs is bleeding or haemorrhage into the pores and skin, which produces bruises. These would possibly happen within the nostril, from a minimize, within the abdomen, or within the gut. Urine or faeces may additionally embody blood, or stools might grow to be tarry black.

Q. Who’s most in danger for vitamin Okay deficiency?

A. Vitamin Okay doesn’t go the placenta. Breast milk additionally accommodates solely a minimal quantity. Therefore, all infants are at increased danger of bleeding from VKDB or Vitamin Okay deficiency till they begin consuming common meals. It normally happens at age 6-7 months till the conventional intestinal micro organism make vitamin Okay.

Q. What vitamin deficiency causes clots?

A. Vitamin Okay helps within the manufacturing of a number of proteins. These proteins are useful for blood clotting and bone formation. For instance, prothrombin is a vitamin Okay-dependent protein that performs a direct function in blood clotting.

Q. Which illness is precipitated as a consequence of lack of vitamin Okay?

A. Vitamin Okay deficiency bleeding (VKDB) is an issue that happens in folks with low ranges of Vitamin Okay. Sadly, its deficiency may result in poor bone improvement and osteoporosis. Moreover, it will increase the danger of heart problems.

Q. How can I enhance vitamin Okay absorption?

A. Bioavailability of Vitamin Okay by weight loss program is just about 20%. Nonetheless, it’s a fat-soluble vitamin. Thus, combining it with dietary fat can assist enhance its absorption.

Q. Does vitamin Okay thicken or skinny the blood?

A. Vitamin Okay helps thicken the blood to type a clot and cease bleeding. Moreover, warfarin is a tablet that reverses the motion of vitamin Okay. Thus; they work in opposition to one another in response to your scenario.

Q. Do you want vitamin Okay with vitamin D?

A. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin and helps transport calcium to blood. Vitamin Okay works intently with Vitamin D to control calcium metabolism and prompts osteocalcin. This protein ensures that the calcium reaches your bones as a substitute of ending up in your arteries and inflicting plaque build-up or arterial calcification within the arteries.

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